Means of action

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The 7 pillars of the circular economy, which we will here call means of action, mobilize many fields: economic development, employment policies, training, social inclusion, transport, land development; and more broadly: sustainable development, education, energy and climate.

To these 7 pillars can be added intermediation agencies which are essential for the deployment of local circular economy projects. 

Click on the thumbnails below to discover means of action in favour of the circular economy.

Linked page(s)

The role of intermediation agencies

The intermediation organization is an essential component in the deployment of regional circular economy (...)

Sustainable procurement

According to the ADEME definition, sustainable sourcing "concerns how resources are used/extracted to (...)

Responsible consumption

"Responsible consumption means that buyers, whether involved in the economy as a private or public entity (...)

Extending useful service life

According to ADEME: "Consumers wanting to extend the duration of use are led to repair, give away, sell (...)

Recovery & Recycling

The waste treatment hierarchy According to ADEME, recycling "aims to use the raw materials deriving from (...)

Industrial and regional ecology

Industrial symbiosis According to the ADEME definition: "Industrial and territorial ecology (ITE), also (...)

Functional economy

What is it? Selling use, not the product! Going a little deeper into this simplified slogan the functiona (...)


According to the ADEME definition, eco-design "aims, at the design stage of a process, of goods or of (...)